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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What does MINIMIS make?
Are your luminaires turtle-friendly or available in amber?
Are your products UL listed?
What is the IP rating?
Are MP and LP series luminaires compatible / interoperable?
How durable are your lights?
What documentation do you provide?
What are the differences between the MP Series and the LP Series lines of luminaires?
How long have you been manufacturing your lights?
Where are your lights manufactured? What parts are Chinese?
How are these powered?
How long is your warranty? What are the terms?
Are they dimmable?
Do the lights generate heat?
About MINIMIS
 
What does MINIMIS make?
 We design and manufacture premium, hand-made, micro-minuscule architectural, marine, and landscape lighting. Made in America.
 
Are your luminaires turtle-friendly, or available in Amber?
 Yes, several of our LP Series luminaires are available with filterless amber LED, and if installed in correct orientation, conform to all state and federal guidelines for turtle-friendly and coastal lighting. Models available: LIMPET LP, QUARK LP, MUON LP, SPECK LP, FLECk LP, LEPTON LP. Consult your local enforcement organizations for full set of guidelines.
 
 Are your products UL listed?
 When low-voltage lighting is operated on a Class II transformer (12vDC 5 amps or less), AHJ's (authority having jurisdiction) can opt to waive the UL listing requirement, provided the transformer itself is UL listed. The AHJ for enforcement of the Code has the responsibility for making interpretations of the rules, for deciding on the approval of equipment and materials, and for granting the special permission contemplated in a number of the rules. By special permission, the AHJ may waive specific requirements in this Code or permit alternative methods where it is assured that equivalent objectives can be achieved by establishing and maintaining effective safety. AHJ typically find that MINIMIS luminaires, because of their incredibly low power draw of only 0.083 amps (83 milliamps @ 12vDC constant voltage, wired in parallel, not in series) - and with this same iteration having been installed in countless commercial projects since late-2010 (including the Chevron worldwide corporate headquarters main amphitheatre - are inherently low-risk and pose no shock or fire hazard, enabling AHJ to be fully within their rights to approve our luminaires to be used in a commercial installation, and the NEC article 411 requirements are essentially rendered meaningless.
 Because UL, CE, ETL, and TÜV safety standards are 20 years behind the curve, with respect to the size, heat, and current-draw advantages of LED, low-volage LED luminaires are being shouldered with unnecessarily over-engineered standards based upon high-current halogen and incandescent platforms. It's important to note that our luminaires only draw 0.083 amps (83 milliamps) at 12vDC constant voltage, generate almost no heat, and are to be wired in parallel, not in series, meaning that the aggregate amperage flowing through each luminaire cable remains at 83 milliamps, no matter how many luminaires you have installed.
 
 As a result, in order for our luminaires to conform to ALL the UL requirements, they would have to be four times larger, eliminating the minuscule advantages we offer. The luminaires are not UL-listed, however they are to be operated on the MINIMIS LP-Series Power Kit, which features a UL-listed, fully-encapsulated IP-67 SELV transformer (available in Class-2, upon request), a UL-listed IP-67 enclosure for the transformer, and an IP-67 TUV-listed terminal enclosure.
 
 We have built our MINIMIS fixtures to conform to as many of the safety standards as as is physically possible, including the following:
  - Housing is UV resistant material, conforming to UL standards
  - The conductors are triple-shielded against risk of abrasion with any metal parts (two layers of adhesive-lined heat-shrink tubing then cavity filled with methyl methacrylate adhesive to relieve strain, and prevent any movement), conforming to UL standards
  - The LED and contacts are fully encapsulated with a conformal coating that enable it to be completely submerged in water - under power - with zero risk of arcing, conforming to UL standards
  - The pigtail features dual 22-gauge individually-insulated conductors, conforming to UL standards
  - All exposed metal parts are highly resistant to corrosion, conforming to UL standards
  - Our luminaires are wired in parallel, rather than in series, so the nominal per-luminaire current of 83 milliamps does not change, unlike in series, wherein as each additional luminaire is added to the serial chain, the nominal current increases.
  - The additional components of the power kit are also UL-listed, rated to well-beyond the voltage required by our luminaires
 
 An installation such as this, like with custom lighting, can receive a site approval by inspectors.
 
 The power supply in our power kit is UL 60950-1 compliant, which requires the transformer to have Safety Extremely Low Voltage (SELV) conformal circuitry and protections, explained below:
 
 SELV transformers feature a SELV circuit is a "secondary circuit which is so designed and protected that under normal and single fault conditions, its voltages do not exceed a safe value." A "secondary circuit" has no direct connection to the primary power (AC mains) and derives its power via a transformer, converter or equivalent isolation device.
 
 An SELV output is achieved through electrical isolation with double or reinforced insulation between the primary and secondary side of the transformers. Moreover, to meet SELV specifications, the voltage between any two accessible parts/conductors or between a single accessible part/conductor and earth must not exceed a safe value, which is defined as 42.4 VAC peak or 60VDC for no longer than 200 ms during normal operation. Under a single fault condition, these limits are allowed to go higher to 71VAC peak or 120VDC for no longer than 20 ms.
 
 For added comfort level, we can ship the LP-Series Power Kit with a Class II transformer, which limits the max amperage to 5A. This obviously would reduce the max number of luminaires that would operate on the kit, from 60, down to 45 luminaires. Then you would simply obtain a site stamp from the inspector, as you would when involving custom-crafted luminaires.
 
 What is the IP rating?
 These are all IP-67, meaning, "suitable for wet location" (kitchen, bath, outdoors, etc., but not suitable for permanent submersion (pools, ponds, etc)). The LED and secondary optics (lens or reflector) are a single, integrated, waterproof unit, eliminating the need for seals or gaskets that can dry and crack, leading to ultimate failure.
 
  Are MP and LP series luminaires compatible / interoperable?
 The MP Series luminaires and LP Series luminaires are not compatible with each other, and should be powered by completely separate power kits. Visit our power page for more information. Please read the installation instructions and warranty terms, to avoid invalidating your warranty.
 
 
What are the differences between the MP Series and the LP Series lines of luminaires?
 Several differences. The main differences are light output, dimmability, and price. The MP Series offers up to 685% more light output compared with the LP Series. The MP Series luminaires are dimmable, while the LP Series luminaires are not.
 
 How durable are your lights?
 We have designed and crafted our line of illumination to be virtually bomb-proof and shatterproof, leveraging the clear advantages of titanium and acrylic. We chose titanium for a host of reasons, including its durability, corrosion resistance, and thermal stability, making it suitable for harsh environments, from arctic, to desert, to marine. We originally designed our illumination specifically for the luxury marine vertical, so that it would be suitable in any environment.
 
  What documentation do you provide?
 Located on our resources page (http://www.minim.is/download), you will find cut-sheets, specifications, installation instructions, online lookbook (catalog), press-ready high-resolution images, executive summary, and more.
 
 How long have you been manufacturing your lights?
 MINIMIS was founded in 2008, and began shipping the LP-series line of illumination in late 2010. Our very first production-ready prototypes from that time are still burning brightly, using a chip from one of the oldest and highest quality-driven LED manufacturers. We have been shipping the very same base LED module since 2011, making it a very tried-and-true luminaire.
 
 Where are your lights manufactured? What parts are Chinese?
 From the beginning, it has been MINIMIS' commitment to make our luminaires as "American Made" as is physically and economically feasible. Our luminaire housings are milled in the United States, and the luminaires are assembled in the United States. In this global economy, it is inescapable to source components from China. With that said, the titanium is sourced from China (verified by 3rd-party materials specialist), the LED sub-assembly (using the Taiwanese EPISTAR chip) is manufactured in China, and our precision injection-moulded plastic components (tolerance >0.01mm) are made in China. The custom-crafted acrylic optics are made in Finland, and the metallic cup reflectors are custom-milled in Milan, Italy.
 
 How are these powered?
 The entire MP-Series and LP-Series lines of illumination were designed to operate error-free and flicker-free, on 12-volt DC, constant voltage. Not constant current. Because of our frustrations with constant current, including fragile and proprietary LED drivers, confusing calculations for serial wiring methods, and the increase in aggregate wattage as you add more luminaires to a serial chain, we responded by designing voltage-driven lights, which offer significant advantages, including more stable, cost-effective transformers, simple parallel wiring methods, and an aggregate amperage of only 0.083 amp on each luminaire's cabling. Engineered to withstand voltage variation from 9-15 volts, we designed these to operate stably even on a filthy automotive battery. To facilitate easy specification of our MP-Series and LP-Series of illumination, we have developed the MP-Series Power Kit and LP-Series Power Kit - MINIMIS-tested and validated power kits that contain all the major components required to power our luminaires - all purchased with a single mouse-click. UL-listed IP67 Meanwell transformer, UL-listed IP67 transformer enclosure, and UL-listed IP67 junction enclosure with quick-jumper bus-bars. None of these components are made in China. Important: MP-Series and LP-Series luminaires are not compatible or interoperable, and should be operated on separate power kits.

 Also available is an upgrade kit, enabling an existing power kit to be increased by increments of fifteen luminaire connections, but total number of luminaires connected to this power kit must not exceed 30 (thirty) units.
 
 How long is your warranty? What are the terms?
 MINIMIS LP-Series luminaires carry a three-year warranty. If operated on a standard eight-hour daily cycle, you can expect over ten years of error-free operation.
 MINIMIS RESERVES THE RIGHT TO INVALIDATE YOUR WARRANTY, if any of the LP line of products:
 - are operated on 12-volt AC
 - are operated on 12-volt AC to 12-volt DC conversion
 - are operated on a direct connection to 110-volt source without 12-volt DC constant voltage transformer
 - are operated on a direct connection to 220-volt source without 12-volt DC constant voltage transformer
 - are operated on a constant-current LED driver of any voltage
 - are operated on any DC constant-voltage power source other than 12-volt DC constant voltage
 - are operated on any dimmer
 - are wired in series (serial), or wired in any manner other than parallel
 - are operated on a power grid that is subject to brown-outs that have tendency to damage any electric or electronic items
 - are operated for extended periods on generators
 - are operated in IP 68 conditions (submersible, pools, fountains). LP products are to be operated in conditions up to and including IP 67 conditions.
 - have their pigtail cut within four (or less) inches from the base of the luminaire
 

 MINIMIS RESERVES THE RIGHT TO INVALIDATE YOUR WARRANTY, if any of the MP line of products:
 - are operated on 12-volt AC
 - are operated on 12-volt AC to 12-volt DC conversion
 - are operated on a direct connection to 110-volt source without 12-volt DC constant voltage transformer
 - are operated on a direct connection to 220-volt source without 12-volt DC constant voltage transformer
 - are operated on a constant-current LED driver of any voltage
 - are operated on any DC constant-voltage power source other than 12-volt DC constant voltage
 - are wired in series (serial), or wired in any manner other than parallel
 - are operated on a power grid that is subject to brown-outs that have tendency to damage any electric or electronic items
 - are operated for extended periods on generators
 - are operated in IP 68 conditions (submersible, pools, fountains). LP products are to be operated in conditions up to and including IP 67 conditions.
 
 Are your luminaires dimmable?
 The MP Series luminaires are indeed dimmable, using a host of standard dimming methods, including 0-10VDC, 10V PWM, Resistance, and DALI (non-individually addressable). The LP Series luminaires are not dimmable. Please read the warranty terms, to avoid invalidating your warranty.
 
 Do the lights generate heat?
 As part of the heat dissipation design of the luminaire, you may notice a little heat on the pigtail, about four inches from the base of the luminaire. This is normal. However, the fixture housings generate no heat, and thus pose no danger to curious children's hands.
 
 About MINIMIS
 MINIMIS leads the luxury illumination market with the world's most minuscule luminaires - feats of design and engineering that are individually hand-crafted to the highest standards of quality. Our luminaires employ only the finest, most meticulously selected of all-resistant materials, and feature custom, precision-crafted optics that are engineered - to the most demanding of tolerances - to operate error-free in our astonishingly minuscule fixture form factors. Natively waterproof, without need for gaskets or seals, our luminaires offer unparalleled elegance, luxury, and performance in all environments, from warm, enveloping interiors, to the most inhospitable of marine conditions. Such hallmarks underscore the exegencies of design vision in luxury residential, hospitality, civic/institutional, and high-end yachtbuilding projects.
 
 MINIMIS performs all of its research and development in-house - harnessing emerging technologies and new materials, coupled with a clean, modern design pedigree - ensuring that our vision and our commitment to the minuscule continue to bolster our groundbreaking strides in design, performance, and quality. MINIMIS monitors every stage of the manufacturing process, with redundant QA/QC at every phase. Through surveys and personal outreach, we maintain close involement with our clients, designers, and our dealers, internalizing their valued feedback as inspiration for future product developments and refinements.
 
 From the very first prototypes and production luminaires that MINIMIS develops, our guiding vision has been to create luminaires that, at once, are minusucule in size, adhere to elegant, minimalist, unobtrusive design tenets, and are powerful in light output. This principle stems from the desire of architects and lighting designers to be able to offer their clients' projects the effect of light, without the luminaire itself being visible.
 
 The advent of LEDs brought hope that luminaires would shrink considerably in size. However, an LED still generates a considerable amount of heat, and if not efficiently dissipated, the heat will quickly destroy the LED, resulting in the unfortunate requirement for LEDs to be equipped with large, unwieldy heat sinks that negate the size advantages that LEDs could offer. "With this in mind," MINIMIS founder Lorenz explains, "I set about developing an LED/optics base-module that was at once: minuscule, natively waterproof, effectively managed heat, and that emitted a remarkable amount of light." In 2012, upon developing a successful, stable base-module that formed the basis for MINIMIS' popular LP-series of luminaires, Lorenz designed fixture housings that required no gaskets or seals, that assisted the heat dissipation of the MINIMIS base-module, and that would be sleek and minimal, even when the light is off.
 
 Our in-house consultants provide technical and design assistance to lighting designers, yacht interior designers, naval architects, shipyards, and yachtowners to select the appropriate luminaire, with the most suitable of accessories, for the ideal environment.
 
 MINIMIS is present worldwide through a growing register of distinguished, carefully curated professional distributors, who are rigorously trained in MINIMIS' offerings, advantages, and installation methods.